Monday, May 20, 2024

Latest Posts

Unveiling the Alchemy of Nootropics and Psychedelics

It is time to usher you into Half 2 of my exploration into nootropics, good medicine, and psychedelics. When you thought Half 1 was a deep dive, brace your self. You will get to plunge even additional into the artwork of utilizing pure and man-made components for cognitive enhancement and psychological growth. 

On this installment, I am going to share the precise blueprints of my private nootropic and psychedelic methods — the stacks that I’ve honed over a long time of self-experimentation, the dosages that I’ve discovered to be simplest, and the way I align these instruments with my each day actions to maximise their advantages. From enhancing your morning meditation and exercise routines to supercharging your productiveness for deep work classes even when sleep-deprived, uncover tips on how to incorporate and mix the huge record of cognitive enhancers from Half 1 into your weekly routine.

But it surely’s not all about pushing the envelope. I additionally delve into the vital significance of stability — tips on how to take heed to your physique and thoughts to know when it is time to dial again and permit for restoration. 

Whether or not you are a seasoned nootropic veteran or simply beginning to discover the chances of enhancing your psychological operate, this two-part information supplies the insights and methods it is advisable to take your cognitive sport to the following stage.

P.S.: When you haven’t learn Half 1 of this collection but, I encourage you to take action, as it’ll allow you to perceive the fundamentals of what nootropics and good medicine are and the way they work.

Improve the Results of Nootropics and Good Medicine 

Sure compounds can improve the results of nootropics, good medicine, and psychedelics (addressed later on this article) and even stop the crash so typically related to such mind boosters. These compounds, particularly the next varieties, work primarily by offering you with molecules and vitamins that may shortly turn out to be depleted as your mind works more durable and sooner. 

While you intelligently mix your nootropics, good medicine, and psychedelics with choline donors, amino acids, adaptogens, neurovitamins, neurominerals, anti-inflammatories, antioxidants, and peptides, you possibly can stop lots of the deficiencies, jittery unintended effects, and crashes that are inclined to come up with excessive, frequent doses of brain-boosters, in addition to improve and lengthen the results of your supplementation protocol.

Now, let’s dive in…

1. Choline Donors 

Choline is an important nutrient for mind growth, detoxing, metabolism, muscle motion, digestion, and liver and gallbladder operate. Choline donors work by means of completely different pathways within the nervous system to make sure your mind and physique get sufficient quantities of choline. If you find yourself poor in choline, you usually tend to crash after utilizing a brain-booster, and the brain-booster itself could not work as effectively. The next are essentially the most potent choline donors.


Centrophenoxine protects the mind, enhances and improves working reminiscence, and has anti-aging and antioxidant results. Efficient doses vary from one to a few doses of 250mg per day, however aged people could reply higher to a few to 6 doses per day.


Citicoline (a mix of choline and cytidine) reduces reminiscence impairment, cognitive decline, and mind injury, and improves studying and a focus. Efficient doses vary from 1 to 2g per day.


Alpha GPC helps to stop cognitive decline, protects the mind, reduces irritation, and will increase consideration span, reminiscence, and progress hormone manufacturing (which can additionally decelerate the results of growing old and allow you to shed extra pounds). An efficient dose is 400mg 3 times per day.

2. Amino Acids

Amino acids are precursors to neurotransmitters and carry out many physiological capabilities, akin to repairing tissues, offering power, enhancing psychological and bodily efficiency, and serving to to develop or keep muscle. The precise amino acids listed beneath are particularly helpful for the mind.


Acetyl-L-carnitine can simply cross the blood-brain barrier and improve cognitive processes akin to reminiscence, studying, and focus. It additionally improves mind power metabolism, reduces fatigue, and has potent anti-aging and brain-protecting results, and it may well induce the manufacturing of extra mitochondria, which will increase power manufacturing. Efficient doses vary from 500 to 1,500mg per day.


N-acetyl-tyrosine improves focus, motivation, reminiscence, studying, and temper. Efficient doses vary from 500 to 2,000mg per day.

Some analysis signifies that the effectiveness of tyrosine supplementation depends upon correct neurotransmitter synthesis and performance. This implies your response to tyrosine could depend upon the well being of your neurotransmitters. 


Taurine acts as an antioxidant and may enhance reminiscence, scale back anxiousness, and promote sleep and rest. Efficient doses vary from 500 to 2,000mg, though doses as excessive as 3,000mg could be taken with little danger of adversarial results.


L-theanine can also be an antioxidant with neuroprotective properties. It will possibly enhance temper, focus, and reminiscence, scale back anxiousness, and promote sleep and rest. Efficient doses vary from 100 to 200mg each day.

I’ve discovered that 400mg added to a cup of espresso can considerably scale back caffeine’s unintended effects, akin to extreme wakefulness or jitters.


DL-phenylalanine is a mix of two types of the important amino acid phenylalanine — the “D” type and the “L” type — and may simply cross the blood-brain barrier. DL-phenylalanine enhances psychological alertness, temper, reminiscence, and studying and reduces ache and despair. Efficient doses vary from 1 to 5g per day.

As a phrase of warning, some individuals could not be capable of deal with phenylalanine because of a situation referred to as phenylketonuria (PKU). PKU is a genetic dysfunction characterised by a deficiency of phenylalanine hydroxylase, the enzyme that breaks down phenylalanine. When extra phenylalanine accumulates, it may well result in progress failure, microcephaly (an abnormally small head, typically because of poor mind growth), seizures, developmental delay, extreme mental impairment, and, in delicate instances, a musty odor within the breath, pores and skin rashes, hyperactivity, and anxiousness.

There are much less extreme types, akin to variant PKU and non-PKU hyperphenylalaninemia, which might be related to a smaller danger of mind injury, and other people with very delicate instances of PKU could not even require remedy (so long as they devour a low-phenylalanine weight-reduction plan). PKU could be simply detected with a easy blood check, and all states in the USA require a PKU check for each new child — so if you happen to stay in the USA, you possible already know whether or not or not you have got it.


The 9 important amino acids (EAAs) — histidine, isoleucine, leucine, lysine, methionine, phenylalanine, threonine, tryptophan, and valine — are important as a result of your physique can’t produce them by itself; you will need to devour them through weight-reduction plan or dietary supplements.

kion aminos

A balanced provide of EAAs is crucial for optimum mind operate, and whereas there may be restricted info on the exact mechanisms by which completely different EAAs profit cognition, analysis means that amino acids akin to histidine and tryptophan are crucial for neurotransmitter operate and neuronal signaling.

Moderately than taking the entire amino acids listed above individually, you possibly can attempt my shotgun strategy, which is to take a mix of EAAs blended in a exact ratio to make them as efficient as attainable. That is really the precise ratio in Kion Aminos. I dose with about 10–20g per day.

3. Neurovitamins

Many nutritional vitamins can improve mind regulation and developmental processes and forestall injury to neurons. The next are the very best nutritional vitamins to boost any nootropic or good drug you utilize.


Also called thiamine, vitamin B1 is greatest taken within the fat-soluble type benfotiamine, which will increase power, temper, and application and reduces ache and superior glycation finish merchandise (compounds that speed up mind degeneration).

Analysis means that, since excessive doses of vitamin B1 often end in giant quantities of unabsorbed B1 being excreted, doses of 30mg per day are ample. As a phrase of warning, alcohol can inhibit the environment friendly absorption of vitamin B1, so if you would like the total advantages of vitamin B1, restrict or keep away from alcohol on days you are taking vitamin B1.


Vitamin B3, when consumed within the type of niacinamide (additionally referred to as nicotinamide) can scale back irritation, anxiousness, and age-related cognitive impairment. An efficient dose is 15mg per day, however individuals affected by trauma, hypoxia, stress, or genetic mutations can profit from greater doses. The dietary supplements NR, NMN, or NAD are even higher methods to spice up niacinamide since they will concurrently elevate NAD+, a molecule your physique makes use of to control mobile metabolism, growing old, and DNA restore. 


Vitamin B5’s water-soluble type calcium pantothenate improves focus, reminiscence, and studying and reduces mind fog. Efficient doses vary from 500 to 1,000mg per day.


When taken within the extremely bioactive type pyridoxal-5-phosphate, vitamin B6 will increase psychological and bodily power, prevents neuronal injury, and performs a job in reminiscence formation, focus, motivation, and temper and sleep regulation. Efficient doses are 1.5mg per day for wholesome ladies and 2mg per day for wholesome males, though ladies who’re pregnant or lactating could have to take as much as 2mg.


When taken within the type of methylcobalamin, vitamin B12 can enhance temper, reminiscence, focus, and power and scale back anxiousness, ache, and cognitive decline. Efficient doses vary from 1 to 2mg per day.vitamins


Vitamin C within the type of ascorbic acid has antioxidant and neuroprotective results, reduces fatigue, and improves temper and blood stream. Efficient doses vary from 90 to 150mg per day.


When taken in an absorbable type like cholecalciferol or, even higher, the calcifediol discovered within the complement d.velop, vitamin D3 has highly effective antioxidant and anti inflammatory results and delays mind degeneration and cognitive decline. Efficient doses vary from 1,500 to 2,000 IU per day.

Apparently, many individuals (together with me!) have genetic elements, akin to excessive pigmentation or interference with the conversion of ldl cholesterol to vitamin D in response to daylight, that stop them from correctly synthesizing vitamin D from solar publicity. This may be ascertained with a salivary genetic check that appears on the genes CYP27B1 and GC. These people could have to complement with vitamin D3 regardless of how a lot daylight they get. 

Simply make certain that if you happen to use vitamin D3, you pair it with vitamin K2 at about 100–150 mcg per day, and magnesium at about 200–400 mg per day. In any other case, you’ll expertise poor absorption and the potential for build-up of extra calcium in your blood. 

4. Adaptogens

Adaptogens are plant extracts that defend your physique and mind from the results of extra stress. A veritable Swiss military knife on your physiology, they’ve been proven to assist neurogenesis, hormone manufacturing, and adrenal and HPA axis regulation, regulate mobile power homeostasis, regenerate tissue, and enhance studying and reminiscence. Listed beneath are a number of of my favorites.


Mucuna pruriens enhances temper, reduces anxiousness and stress, protects the mind, stimulates intercourse drive, and will increase focus and motivation. Efficient doses vary from 12.5 to 17.5mg per kilogram of physique weight per day.


Coleus forskohlii improves studying, reminiscence, and psychological stamina and reduces fatigue and irritation. Efficient doses are about 7.5g per day for wholesome ladies and about 9g for wholesome males.


Rhodiola improves temper, motivation, reminiscence, and focus and reduces fatigue and oxidative stress. Analysis means that each day rhodiola use as little as 50mg can scale back fatigue, whereas protected neural enhancement happens at 1,500mg per day.


Reishi, one among my favourite adaptogenic mushrooms for rest, can scale back fatigue and despair, take the “edge” off if you happen to occur to be, say, overcaffeinated or overstimulated, and, as a bonus, has potential anticancer properties. Efficient doses of reishi extract are 5 to 10g per day. 

5. Neurominerals

Neurominerals, like neurovitamins, are extremely absorbable and may cross the blood-brain barrier to enhance cognition. They’re crucial for a bunch of physiological processes and, when mixed, improve one another’s results.


The mineral lithium orotate preserves cognitive operate, improves temper, and detoxifies the mind. Lithium has additionally been reported to be helpful as an Alzheimer’s remedy. Efficient doses vary from 5 to 150mg per day.


Magnesium threonate is the simplest type for rising magnesium ions within the mind and enhancing cognitive operate. It will possibly enhance studying, reminiscence, sleep high quality, and temper and scale back anxiousness and the results of neuropathic ache (ache brought on by nerve injury). Analysis suggests that top doses of round 600mg per kilogram of physique weight are efficient.

You will discover the sort of magnesium in BIOptimizers Magnesium Breakthrough, the one magnesium complement with all seven bioavailable types of magnesium that your physique wants (use code BEN10 to save lots of 10%).


Zinc picolinate is an antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, and immune-system-boosting mineral that additionally helps enhance reminiscence, temper, and neuronal progress. Analysis means that the present advisable consumption of zinc — 8 to 14mg per day — is efficient at sustaining homeostasis. Delicate zinc deficiency could be handled with two to a few instances this quantity and average to extreme deficiency with 4 to 5 instances this quantity.

6. Anti-inflammatories and Antioxidants

These compounds particularly handle oxidative stress and irritation within the mind. Additionally they assist the transport and utilization of vitamins and regulate nervous system stimulation, hormonal secretion, and levels of cholesterol. The perfect anti-inflammatories and antioxidants for the mind additionally are inclined to assist mitochondrial well being and mobile longevity.


PQQ reduces neurodegeneration and cognitive decline, promotes neuronal progress and survival, and improves sleep, power, reminiscence, and stress response. PQQ additionally has potent mitochondrial and anti-aging properties. An efficient dose is 0.3mg per day.


Quercetin, present in vegatables and fruits, can delay cognitive decline, defend neurons from toxins, regulate estrogen and androgen, and scale back irritation. As a pure antihistamine, it’s additionally been proven to stabilize mast cells (the immune cells that launch histamines). Efficient doses vary from 50 to 150mg per kilogram of physique weight per day.


Curcumin is the energetic element of the spice turmeric. It possesses highly effective anti-inflammatory and neuroprotective results and may enhance reminiscence and temper, scale back oxidative stress and persistent ache, and delay growing old. An efficient dose is as much as 8g per day. Curcumin could be made much more absorbable by mixing it with oils akin to coconut oil or combining it with black pepper or the black pepper extract referred to as piperine.


DHA is the omega-3 fatty acid most ample in your mind. It has been proven to enhance reminiscence, studying, and temper and scale back oxidative stress, irritation, and telomere shortening (a chromosomal indication of how briskly you’re growing old). Efficient doses vary from 500 to 1,000mg each day.


Inexperienced tea extract enhances studying talents, reminiscence, and blood stream, delays growing old, and will scale back anxiousness and persistent fatigue. When inexperienced tea extract is paired with quercetin and L-theanine, the cognitive results turn out to be synergistic, that means they improve one another to supply a higher impact. Efficient doses vary from 50 to 500mg per day, though greater doses have been related to unintended effects like nausea.


Bioperine is derived from the black pepper extract piperine. It will increase the absorption of different vitamins, has anti-inflammatory results (particularly when mixed with curcumin), and will increase motivation, focus, productiveness, and reasoning expertise, whereas stabilizing temper. An efficient dose is 20mg per day.


5-HTP (or 5-hydroxytryptophan) is just like the precursor to serotonin, that feel-good neurotransmitter that retains your temper balanced and your mind buzzing easily. Supplementing with 5-HTP (I like to recommend Thorne’s components) is like giving your physique the uncooked supplies it must preserve the happiness flowing, promote restful sleep, and allow you to deal with stress. A typical dosage is about 100mg taken a couple of times each day.


GABA is the mind’s most important inhibitory neurotransmitter. Consider it as the nippiness tablet of your nervous system, serving to to dial down anxiousness and promote rest. An efficient dose is about 250mg per day. I additionally suggest Thorne’s GABA dietary supplements, which assist your mind put the brakes on overexcitement, resulting in a calmer, extra centered mind-set. 

7. Peptides

No dialogue of cognitive enhancement can be full with out addressing peptides, that are quick amino acid sequences that focus on meant cells to elicit sure results — together with slowed growing old, fats loss, muscle achieve, sexual enhancement, and higher mind operate — with laser-like specificity.

For instance, the peptide Semax is one among my favourite nootropic-like peptides. It was initially synthesized in Russia throughout the Eighties with the categorical intention of enhancing cognitive operate. Along with stimulating the central nervous system, it really works to modulate receptor sensitivity for quite a lot of neurotransmitters and mind chemical compounds, together with acetylcholine, dopamine, serotonin, adenosine, and histamine. Like most peptides, Semax is so potent that solely small doses are wanted to realize the specified outcomes. For most individuals, 0.5 to 1.0mg per day is loads. 

For a fair greater enhance in mind operate, Semax works fairly nicely when mixed with the peptide Selank, which often is available in a nasal spray and can be utilized as two sprays as soon as each day. Selank alone can simulate stimulants, tranquilizers, ADHDA remedies, and antidepressants abruptly. Additionally it is well-studied for cognitive restoration from strokes and may velocity up restoration from traumatic mind damage (TBI).

Dihexa is one other peptide I like for the mind, as it may well reverse neurological injury brought on by Alzheimer’s illness, and is beneficial for treating Parkinson’s illness.

Lastly, in my view, the 2 strongest cognitive-enhancing peptides are P21 and Adamax. You possibly can consider P21 as a heavy-duty mind repairer and Adamax as a heavy-duty nootropic. P21 is so highly effective that it boosts neurogenesis in Alzheimer’s brains above that of regular controls. It will possibly improve neurogenesis and enhance the expression of brain-derived neurotrophic issue (BDNF), a protein that performs a key function in selling the expansion, survival, and differentiation of neurons within the mind. It will possibly additionally restore mind injury, and in rodent fashions, has a robust anti-Alzheimer’s impact (in rats). For mind fog, psychological readability, phrase recall, and verbal acuity, nothing beats it. I like to recommend stacking it with Adamax, a stronger type of Semax with enhanced BBB penetration.

Although I’ve given “per day” references, I don’t suggest stacking all these peptides day by day. Lately, I take advantage of a Semax/Selank combo about twice every week and an Adamax/P21 combo twice every week. VIP, a helpful peptide for mind mould and mycotoxin points, is one thing I additionally use about twice every week. 

It is best to know that many peptides aren’t technically FDA-approved as a result of they don’t seem to be patentable; subsequently, you will not see them advisable by most mainstream well being authorities or talked about on most well being web sites. Whereas most peptides will not be outright unlawful, their authorized standing depends upon their meant use, claims made about them, and whether or not they’re FDA-approved for a selected use. Most peptides will not be FDA-approved, which suggests they have not undergone the FDA’s rigorous assessment course of for security, effectiveness, and high quality. Given the unregulated nature of peptides and their exclusion from FDA approval, sourcing them could be difficult. 

To dive additional into peptide stacks, try my podcast episode with Jay Campbell and my peptides assets web page

The Greatest Mind-Boosting Stacks

There are over a thousand web sites and lots of of reference guides chock-full of difficult strategies for combining the compounds described on this article, much like the peptide stacks I simply talked about. There’s a motive for this: as you have got in all probability guessed by now, stacking nootropics could be far more practical than consuming a single, lonely nootropic in isolation. 

For instance, including choline or L-theanine to your morning espresso could make your mind really feel recent for hours. Mixing curcumin with black pepper can dramatically amp up the neural anti-inflammatory results of each. Combating the sting of microdosed LSD or psilocybin with an adaptogen like reishi or rhodiola can help with any jittery emotions. 

If you wish to scale back anxiousness and despair however don’t essentially care to boost your cognitive efficiency and don’t have to get by means of a day of sleep deprivation, you can follow a single nootropic that will increase dopamine ranges, akin to Mucuna pruriens or tryptophan.

But when experimentation isn’t your factor, I’ve listed the very best stacks and done-for-you complement blends I’ve used — the tried-and-true mixes that mix final efficacy and security with no nasty crashes or jitters. Test them out beneath:

1. Caffeine and Nicotine

Espresso and cigarettes have lengthy been a preferred mixture. Assume again to the Fifties picture of a person in a tailor-made swimsuit completely pairing his black brew with a cigarette hanging out the nook of his mouth as he enjoys the Sunday paper. 

Other than the plain pleasure some derive from this conventional combo, are there any advantages to concurrently smoking and consuming espresso?

In accordance with one examine, it seems that when in comparison with people who smoke who often consumed espresso, people who smoke who didn’t drink espresso had twice as a lot of the cell injury related to tobacco use. Common people who smoke who drank espresso lower than twice every week had double the probabilities of growing most cancers than those that drank espresso extra regularly. So in the end, coffee-drinking cigarette people who smoke have some well being benefits over their smoking counterparts who don’t drink espresso.

In fact, the antioxidant content material of espresso is probably not the one smoking savior. And no, it isn’t the tobacco and nasty chemical compounds in a cigarette that work the magic: as different research have proved, it’s nicotine. Nicotine is fairly highly effective stuff, enhancing not solely locomotive efficiency (the power to maneuver with higher management and precision) and cognitive efficiency when mixed with espresso but in addition ramping up train efficiency by 18 p.c to 21 p.c all by itself!

How do I pull off this stack? I typically suck on 1mg nicotine toothpicks as I down a cup of espresso (the cinnamon taste of the toothpicks blends fairly properly with a cup of joe). 

Lastly, do you have to wish to amp this stack up a notch for much more reminiscence and cognition enhancement, drop a sprig of rosemary in your espresso, which has been researched for these results, and in addition lends a nice, herbaceous taste to your brew.

2. Caffeine and L-Theanine

Most individuals, particularly sluggish caffeine oxidizers, discover that they will get rid of the adverse unintended effects of caffeine (akin to jitteriness and complications) by including L-theanine to their caffeine supply of alternative. Analysis means that caffeine and L-theanine collectively can enhance focus, focus, and power whereas lowering anxiousness.

For this stack, use a ratio of 4 components L-theanine to 1 half caffeine — for instance, 400mg of L-theanine with 100mg of caffeine. It’s possible you’ll wish to begin with a smaller dose, akin to 200mg of L-theanine and 50mg of caffeine, then work your method as much as discover the very best dose for you. (As a reference level, an 8-ounce cup of espresso has about 100mg of caffeine.)

The great thing about this stack is that nature has already given you a superbly packaged mixture of caffeine and L-theanine in inexperienced tea, whether or not within the type of a cup of inexperienced tea, a bowl of matcha tea, or perhaps a inexperienced tea extract complement (inexperienced tea has much less caffeine than espresso — about 25mg per 8-ounce cup).

Caffeine and L-theanine make a very handy mixture throughout these instances if you don’t need the surplus stimulation of caffeine in isolation, akin to a late-evening dinner or the latter levels of a workday.

3. Caffeine, Tulsi, and Astragalus

Tulsi is without doubt one of the best calming adaptogens that exists and has been trusted and revered for hundreds of years in Ayurvedic drugs and tradition. Analysis means that tulsi can enhance temper, assist digestion, and promote steady power ranges. As a result of additionally it is an anxiolytic (that means it reduces anxiousness), tulsi, like L-theanine, helps scale back caffeine’s overstimulating results.

It’s also possible to mix tulsi with Astragalus propinquus (astragalus), which, in Chinese language drugs, is a boundlessly invigorating herb that gives a steady supply of power. Astragalus accommodates an unlimited number of saponins, flavonoids, and polysaccharides and, when paired with antioxidant-rich espresso and tulsi, it creates a match made in longevity heaven. For this mix, which I typically make if consuming espresso within the afternoon, I’m a fan of the 4 Sigmatic Adaptogen Espresso, which accommodates espresso, astragalus, tulsi, and cinnamon.

4. Ginkgo, Bacopa, and Lion’s Mane

This distinctive stack boosts psychological focus, reminiscence, studying, and cognitive efficiency whereas lowering anxiousness and despair. I’ve discovered that it may well considerably enhance psychological alertness for round six hours at a time with none jitteriness or irritability. You will need to enable a grace interval of about twelve weeks of each day supplementation earlier than you are feeling the stack’s full potential, so don’t anticipate fast outcomes.

A typical dose for this mixture is 500mg of lion’s mane per day, 240mg of ginkgo per day, and 100mg of Bacopa twice per day. For instance, you can throw again a packet of 4 Sigmatic lion’s mane extract with a Beekeeper’s Naturals Bacopa and gingko Mind Gasoline shot. Small quantities (between 100 and 200mg) of the psychedelic psilocybin can improve this stack.

5. Artichoke and Forskolin

Analysis means that artichoke extract dietary supplements (comprised of the leaves of artichokes) possess potent antioxidant properties and scale back ranges of blood-vessel-damaging ldl cholesterol particles. Forskolin, derived from Coleus forskohlii, is without doubt one of the few compounds identified to naturally enhance cAMP (cyclic adenosine monophosphate), which reduces mind irritation, strengthens the blood-brain barrier, and improves neural signaling in your mind.

I’ve skilled enhanced reminiscence and phrase recall when consuming this stack. Tim Ferriss talked about it fairly a bit in my podcast with him, particularly referencing its presence within the complement NEUROFUEL (previously often known as Ciltep). Made primarily from artichoke extract and forskolin, NEUROFUEL additionally accommodates vitamin B6, L-phenylalanine, and acetyl-L-carnitine. It is suggested that you just take two to a few capsules at first of every day and skip dosing one or two days per week to realize optimum outcomes.

6. Alpha-GPC, AC-11, Bacopa, and Huperzine A

This mix is discovered within the complement Alpha BRAIN from Onnit (use code Ben for 10% off meals and dietary supplements). In accordance with a scientific trial performed by the Boston Middle for Reminiscence, Alpha BRAIN can improve cognitive efficiency for wholesome people and will enhance reminiscence and studying capability.

Alpha-GPC has a number of advantages. It supplies choline (which will increase the manufacturing of the neurotransmitter acetylcholine) and seems to assist mobile membranes and scale back cognitive decline. AC-11 is derived from the rainforest herb Uncaria tomentosa, and analysis means that it might be able to assist sluggish the event of most cancers because of its DNA-repairing antioxidant properties.

Bacopa is thought to boost reminiscence and help in treating dementia, Parkinson’s, and epilepsy. Huperzine A is derived from the Chinese language membership moss Huperzia serrata. Analysis means that it improves neurotransmitter ranges and might also enhance reminiscence and defend neurons, making it a possible remedy for Alzheimer’s and associated situations.

As a phrase of warning, a current assessment of the scientific literature discovered that the standard of the proof supporting using huperzine A is low, so there may be nonetheless debate over this explicit nootropic. When you take a cholinesterase inhibitor like donepezil (Aricept), rivastigmine (Exelon), or galantamine (Razadyne) — that are all used to forestall or handle Alzheimer’s — the Alzheimer’s Affiliation formally recommends not taking huperzine A.

This stack appears to work greatest if you happen to take it each day for about two weeks. After that, the results turn out to be extra pronounced over time, so, as with the ginkgo, Bacopa, and lion’s mane stack, it is advisable to let this mix construct up in your system earlier than you decide its general effectiveness.

7. TianChi Chinese language Adaptogenic Herb Advanced

The record of herbs and components within the complement TianChi is just too lengthy to incorporate right here, but it surely accommodates practically each Chinese language adaptogen and pure nootropic described on this article. So in the case of a nonsynthetic strategy to psychological enhancement, this mix tops the record. 

The herbs in TianChi are gathered from their native, wild environments or are organically grown, non-GMO, kosher-certified, non-irradiated, and pesticide-free, then formulated in small batches by a pal of mine named Roger Drummer, a repeat podcast visitor who’s a Chinese language natural drugs practitioner in Oregon. 

Most adaptogens in at present’s market are a standardized 5:1 extract, that means that it takes 5 kilos of herbs to make one pound of extract. This isn’t at all times efficient as a result of some herbs could need to be extracted at a ten:1 ratio to truly be robust sufficient to be efficacious. The adaptogens in TianChi are extracted at a forty five:1 ratio, making this one of the crucial potent blends obtainable.

I’ve discovered the brain-boosting results of TianChi to be much more enhanced when consumed with beet juice or beet powder, in all probability because of beets’ vasodilating impact. That is one among my favourite blends to combine up midmorning or midafternoon on an empty abdomen for a clear-headed cognitive excessive. In case you are making an attempt to keep away from something even remotely artificial, TianChi is an effective alternative for you.

8. Qualia

Like TianChi, the nootropic mix Qualia Thoughts is a shotgun strategy, offering over forty completely different components, together with all of the adaptogens, neurovitamins, amino acids, choline donors, anti-inflammatories, and antioxidants. It additionally accommodates the artificial nootropic noopept, which is a couple of thousand instances stronger than piracetam, a preferred compound for reminiscence and focus. Moreover, it features a few different useful components, akin to curcumin, piperine, and, if you happen to go for the caffeinated model, caffeine.

9. Kava and Kratom

Kava is an extract from the Piper methysticum plant. Within the South Pacific, it is a fashionable drink that’s utilized in ceremonies and for rest. Kavalactones in kava are believed to be accountable for its results on lowering anxiousness. It is also historically used for stress, withdrawal from benzodiazepines, emotions of well-being, and sleeping points. 

This clearly doesn’t make kava sound like a lot of a nootropic, however when mixed with the Southeast Asian plant extract kratom, (Mitragyna speciosa), derived from the leaf of a tropical deciduous tree inside the espresso household, the result’s a notable mixture. Kratom is commonly used for numerous functions, together with enhancing temper, performing as an anxiolytic, aiding in insomnia, offering ache reduction, boosting power, serving as an anti-inflammatory, and decreasing blood sugar ranges. It elevates temper and euphoria, enhances bodily endurance, and improves anxiousness and despair.

So if you mix kratom and kava, a mix you will discover in drinks akin to Really feel Free and/or New Brew, you get simultaneous euphoria and power with relaxed focus. The one downside? Like nicotine, kratom could be very addictive and produce withdrawal signs like sleeplessness, irritability, and stressed legs if you happen to use an excessive amount of too typically after which abruptly cease. 

10. Nootopia

No, Nootopia just isn’t some new fringe international nation situated off the coast of Madagascar or discovered deep within the coronary heart of the Amazon. Moderately, Nootopia is a black field that accommodates custom-selected nootropics and good medicine, all hand-selected for you based mostly on a particular quiz, then delivered to your entrance doorstep. 

Nootopia has nineteen completely different formulations at its disposal for every part from verbal fluency and phrase recall to focus and creativity, obtainable in quite a lot of capsules, liquids, and powders. 

Microdosing Psychedelics 

My expertise with psychedelics initially spanned a number of years of tripping out with every part from psilocybin truffles to DMT inhalation to dropping acid to sipping ayahuasca. 

However a number of years in the past, upon researching extra and realizing the normal historical past of enormous doses of those compounds in sorcery, shamanism, witchcraft, and the occult — primarily for divining with the spirit world — I got here to the conclusion that their use clashed with my personal Christian beliefs, and gave the impression to be paradoxically drawing me away from sober time spent in prayer, studying my Bible and different necessary parts of my non secular disciplines and spiritual observe.

So, I now not endorse or observe so-called “journeying” with medicine myself, however I nonetheless acknowledge their potential advantages when utilized in smaller, non-psychedelic doses. For extra perception, try half 1 and half 2 of an article collection I wrote about my stance on plant drugs.microdosing

While you take a microdose of a psychedelic, it’s sometimes known as a sub-perceptual dose, achieved by ingesting tiny quantities of those compounds to induce a noticeable and general optimistic bodily and psychological impact. Sub-perceptual doses don’t have a major impression in your means to operate usually, however the results are current in your temper and conduct. The bottom dose of a selected psychedelic that may produce a hallucinogenic impact is called the brink dose; for the reason that aim is to not get a hallucinogenic impact, a microdose could be nicely beneath a psychedelic’s threshold dose.

By integrating microdosing right into a weekly routine, you possibly can obtain higher creativity, extra power, improved temper, elevated focus, and higher relational expertise. There’s a rising physique of analysis that means that microdosing might also help with despair and anxiousness, assist with delicate alcohol and tobacco dependancy, and mitigate ADD and ADHD behaviors. 

Microdosing Psilocybin

Psilocybin is of course produced by greater than 2 hundred species of fungi, in any other case often known as “magic mushrooms.” Analysis from archaeological proof means that people have used psilocybin mushrooms for over seven thousand years. I’ve personally discovered microdoses of psilocybin to be greatest for nature immersions, mountain climbing, journaling, and self-discovery.

Psilocybin primarily interacts with the serotonin receptors within the mind and has been utilized in therapeutic settings to deal with complications, anxiousness, despair, dependancy, and obsessive-compulsive dysfunction.

There may be restricted information to point out any adversarial drug interactions with using psilocybin, and liver operate, blood sugar, and hormonal regulation all look like unaffected throughout consumption. (Nevertheless, to keep away from any points with important neurotransmitter imbalances, it’s best to keep away from alcohol and serotonin-based antidepressants whereas taking any psychedelics.)

The place to Purchase Psychedelics

There are a number of internet sites that promote psychedelics, however not all sources include good-quality components, neither is there any assure that the substance you buy just isn’t laced with undesirable compounds.

I’ve personally discovered the next three assets to be fairly useful when buying psychedelics or discovering a high quality supply:

  • The Third Wave: This web site presents a bunch of worthwhile info and downloadable PDFs on dosing, sourcing, security, and strategies — and even a complete tutorial course on microdosing.
  • Reddit: Reddit accommodates many beneficial private anecdotes which might be voted up or down by different customers, and though it’s rife with tales that will not apply to your particular scenario, I’ve discovered it to be a useful useful resource for locating what DIY biohackers and psychedelic customers are experimenting with in their very own protocols.
  • RealChems: RealChems sources artificial variations of 1P-LSD, ALD-52, ETH-LAD, AL-LAD, 4-AcO-DMT, and lots of different psychedelic and nootropic “analysis chemical compounds” which might be “not bought for human consumption” (nudge, nudge, wink, wink).

For a lot of the psychedelic purchases you make on-line, you often want to make use of cryptocurrency and, generally, if you wish to stay nameless, a Tor browser or different cloaked browser. Availability appears to be altering with rising legality, and I’ve stumbled throughout some nootropic corporations, akin to Wukiyo, which have a psilocybin and herb mixture referred to as Bliss that may be ordered on-line.

A psilocybin microdose ranges from 0.1 to 0.5g. I like to recommend you begin on the decrease finish of the dosing vary with this and any of the opposite psychedelics talked about on this article. Belief me: you don’t wish to dose up for a inventive day of labor and end up daydreaming below your desk whereas jamming to the Grateful Lifeless. 

For psilocybin specifically, you possibly can mix a small dose with lion’s mane and niacin in a morning cup of tea for a really slight sensory enhance with none distracting journey or gastric upset. Apparently, blue lotus extract — which is usually often known as an aphrodisiac however may also end in a major launch of the psychedelic compound DMT (dimethyltryptamine) by the pineal gland — could be mixed with psilocybin alone or the mix above for an much more pronounced impact that many describe as one thing much like an ecstasy (MDMA) expertise. 

Your pineal gland usually releases small quantities of DMT, however additionally it is present in some crops and could be chemically synthesized. When ingested in excessive quantities, it can lead to a really noticeable, ego-dissolving psychedelic journeying impact, whereas smaller quantities have a nice nootropic impact. Blue lotus can upregulate your personal manufacturing of DMT, or when taken with DMT, can amplify its results. Important Oil Wizardry is a model I might recommend testing.

Microdosing LSD

Lysergic acid diethylamide, generally often known as LSD, is derived from a chemical in rye fungus. It was initially synthesized in 1938 to assist in childbirth and is extensively identified for its highly effective hallucinogenic results. It’s much less well-known for what I take advantage of it for — inducing intense sparks of creativity when a merging of the left and proper mind hemispheres is the specified aim, akin to a day on which I have to do a substantial amount of inventive writing or copywriting. It additionally works fairly nicely for holding you chugging alongside on a sleep-deprived or jet-lagged day.

Like psilocybin, LSD impacts serotonin ranges within the physique. A dose of LSD dramatically will increase ranges of serotonin within the mind, which causes a feel-good dopamine launch. Analysis means that LSD might also scale back blood stream to the management facilities of the mind, which weakens their exercise and permits for greater quantities of creativity and simultaneous use of each the precise and left hemispheres of the mind, permitting for a potent mixture of analytical and artistic considering that will usually be troublesome to faucet into. This enhanced mind connectivity is probably going why customers expertise elevated creativity and distinctive thought patterns. 

A typical LSD microdose ranges from 5 to twenty micrograms (not milligrams!). My very own strategy for dosing LSD is known as the volumetric dosing technique. I purchase blotter paper of LSD or P-LSD, then lower out a sq. of 100 mcg with scissors and drop it right into a 10-milliliter dropper bottle of vodka.

I then know {that a} single drop of the liquid accommodates a neat 10 micrograms of LSD. This helps me keep away from the wrong dosing so notoriously related to merely chopping out a sq. of paper and inserting it in your mouth, aside from that awkward time once I did the maths incorrect and took 100mcg — proper earlier than a therapeutic massage session! When you take barely an excessive amount of LSD, a small dose of CBD (between 10 and 20mg) or any of the adaptogenic herbs on this article appears to take the sting off.

Microdosing Ibogaine

Ibogaine is derived from iboga, an evergreen shrub native to the rainforests in central Africa whose root bark has excessive concentrations of psychedelic compounds. It has a wealthy historical past within the Bwiti faith in Africa and has just lately discovered its method into Western drugs to deal with drug addictions, enhance bodily power and cognitive efficiency (in microdoses), and trigger a surge in optimistic feelings.

To microdose with ibogaine, discover a tincture or root bark type (the foundation bark type is often encapsulated). When you use a tincture, discover a supply that has the foundation bark extracted into its purest type and mixed with iboga alkaloids. A single drop of an iboga tincture equates to a couple of 0.5mg microdose of ibogaine. In root bark type, an efficient dose is 300 to 500mg.

I’ve discovered an iboga microdose to be most helpful earlier than a exercise or any effort that mixes each psychological and bodily calls for, akin to tennis, basketball, or energetic intercourse. It’ll make you hyperactive and jittery if taken simply earlier than a day of desk work, which is smart when you think about that African tribes historically whipped themselves right into a frenzied pre-battle state on ibogaine.

Microdosing Huachuma

Microdosing with huachuma, often known as San Pedro cactus or mescaline, can have delicate but profound results, notably on social and human connectivity. The magic behind huachuma’s social alchemy lies in its major psychoactive element, mescaline, which interacts with serotonin receptors within the mind. At doses as little as 200 to 300mg, mescaline binds to those receptors, notably the 5-HT2A receptor. This could result in elevated serotonin launch, selling emotions of well-being and empathy. 

The intricate interaction between mescaline and serotonin pathways could contribute to the reported cognitive and social advantages noticed throughout microdosing with huachuma.

This interplay can elevate temper, induce emotions of empathy, and improve interpersonal communication. Mescaline’s serotonin modulation could contribute to an elevated consciousness of emotional nuances, making social interactions extra nuanced and significant.

Folks typically describe a heightened means to learn nonverbal cues, fostering a deeper reference to others and an improved understanding of social dynamics. This chemical dance inside the mind, when orchestrated in microdoses, creates a cocktail of social experience-upgrading results that make a small dose excellent in my case for a social operate or a date night time with my spouse.

Microdosing Ketamine

Ketamine is a normal anesthetic generally used on animals however initially devised for and examined on people (actually, my paramedic brother generally makes use of it on the sufferers he transports within the ambulance). 

Ketamine obtained notoriety as a celebration drug within the Nineties however is now gaining momentum as a really efficient remedy for despair, though I wouldn’t fairly classify the dose being utilized in such settings as a microdose. 

When administered as an IV infusion, ketamine works in a short time on mind receptors and presents reduction from despair signs in as little as twenty-four hours.

In distinction, conventional antidepressants can take as much as eight weeks to turn out to be efficient and are accompanied by a bunch of adverse unintended effects that ketamine doesn’t appear to trigger. These conventional antidepressants work by flooding neurotransmitters or blocking their reuptake within the central nervous system. However ketamine immediately blocks glutamate and opiate receptors, each of which have an effect on despair and ache responses, from being acted upon by neurotransmitters — leading to a profound antidepressant impact with out neurotransmitter desensitization, and, if a behavior is halted inside the first twenty-four to forty-eight hours after ketamine, a neater time breaking addictions.

Getting Began with Microdosing

For any of the psychedelic compounds mentioned on this article, I like to recommend following the protocol laid out by James Fadiman in chapter 16 of his e-book Psychedelic Explorer’s Information:

  • Eat a microdose of your chosen psychedelic twice per week for ten weeks.
  • Enable two to a few days between every microdosing day (for instance, devour your microdoses on Wednesdays and Sundays).
  • Write about your expertise and be conscious of your expectations and wishes.
  • Particularly within the early levels of experimentation, use the compound in a well-recognized or managed setting.
  • On the finish of the ten weeks (or nevertheless many weeks you microdose), replicate in your expertise and ask your self, “Did I accomplish my function for microdosing?”

For one of many extra complete and insightful guides on microdosing, I additionally suggest Michael Pollan’s e-book Change Your Thoughts, wherein the creator — an immersive journalist with little to no psychedelic expertise — takes a deep dive into the world of psilocybin, LSD, DMT, and past.

The Final Phrase

On the subject of utilizing chemistry, trendy science, and ancestral knowledge to make your mind work higher, there are clearly loads of choices. Whereas I might urge you to make use of warning with good medicine, I additionally encourage you to contemplate using each pure and artificial nootropics to boost each productiveness and cognitive efficiency and to faucet into the facility of psychedelics for private breakthroughs, creativity, and connectivity. 

Whereas there’s no substitute for high quality sleep, brain-supporting meals (like darkish chocolate, recent pressed olive oil, or sustainable omega-3 wealthy fish), and mitigation of environmental toxins and pollution, experimenting with the stacks and supportive neurovitamins and neurominerals is usually a actually mind-altering and brain-bettering expertise, notably if you happen to really feel as if your mind might use a lift.

Are you feeling a little bit of paralysis by evaluation with all these mind-altering techniques? Does it look like there are too many selections?

Concern not: I’ve laid out an instance of how I personally weave all these compounds collectively into every week.

Whilst you could not end up mixing up a magic mushroom homebrew in your kitchen anytime quickly, a bit of higher residing by means of science, just a few alternative herbs, and nootropics could also be precisely what it is advisable to improve your productiveness, creativity, and general cognitive efficiency. 

You are actually outfitted with each shred of data crucial to take action, whether or not you select a dangerous good drug strategy, a pure nootropic strategy, an artificial nootropic strategy, a psychedelic strategy, or a mix of all 4.

Each day

I’ve a cup of black espresso or mushroom or adaptogenic tea each morning. If I devour any additional espresso within the afternoon, I add tulsi, reishi, astragalus, or L-theanine to it. If I’m utilizing espresso to assist me plow by means of a demanding day or a interval of sleep deprivation, I sometimes mix it with nicotine. On my hardest exercise days of the week, I often throw again a can of Replace or New Brew prior.

Monday, Tuesday, and Wednesday

I take Qualia, Wukiyo, Notable, or Nootopia on busier days when intense work calls for come up, particularly if I want enhanced creativity or, sooner phrase recall or mind processing velocity (for instance, if I’m being interviewed for a podcast or talking on stage). 

You don’t need to personal and use all these aforementioned manufacturers, however I simply occur to as a result of I’m a well being podcaster with a storage stuffed with dietary supplements. If I’ve been touring or am jet-lagged, I’ll embody a dose of methylene blue to mitigate neuroinflammation, and if sleep-deprived, NAD and creatine.


Thursdays are typically much less busy. I take TianChi if I want to softly enhance blood stream and wish to preserve neural irritation at bay. If I’m doing extra intense finding out, studying, meditating (maybe whereas using Muse), or memorizing, I’ll pop a Beekeeper’s Mind Gasoline or add a contact of lion’s mane into the combination.


That is typically a inventive writing, problem-solving, and brainstorming day. I typically microdose with psilocybin or LSD within the morning to boost the coordination between my left and proper mind hemispheres. Joovv is one other mild remedy machine I flip to on Fridays, the weekends, or each time I want additional assist for my general psychological and bodily well-being. 


That is my off day. I attempt to devour no brain-boosters except for a piping-hot cup of espresso. You gotta take a break typically, proper? I additionally make some extent to get strong sleep to naturally enhance my temper, power, and restoration. I flip to instruments just like the Apollo wearable (use code BG15 for 15% off) to assist me relax extra simply, and AYO, the primary circadian well being wearable, to enhance the quantity of restorative sleep I get. 


I dedicate Sundays to non secular disciplines, private exploration (akin to with my Non secular Disciplines Journal), a healthy dose of neurogenesis, breathwork (with assist from The Breath Supply or Othership), and the occasional therapeutic massage. On lately, I take advantage of a stronger neuron-sprouting and ego-dissolving combine: a microdose of psilocybin blended with lion’s mane extract and niacin, and, for a therapeutic massage, a microdose of ketamine.

All through the Week

Relying on my schedule, targets, and temper, different therapies and units I throw into the weekly combine to amplify the results of nootropics and dietary supplements embody:

  • Grounding, particularly with the Final Longevity grounding sleep mat. Grounding, aka “earthing,” presents spectacular advantages for my sleep, focus, and blood sugar management, and for combating anxiousness, stiffness, and irritation, together with whereas I am touring.
  • Infrasonic waves, which I get from the Sensate machine and app. This machine, which is worn across the head, makes use of intrasonic waves to stimulate the autonomic nervous system, leading to fast rest, heightened sleep high quality, and elevated self-regulation talents (use code BGL for $30 off).
  • The BrainTap headset is an LED visor and head machine that makes use of immersive audio to enrich meditation, visualization, and breathwork practices. It is helpful for enhancing creativity, combating psychological blocks and adverse considering, and enhancing focus and problem-solving.
  • VIZR, a “drug-free microdosing” machine, presents a novel expertise utilizing mild and sound that works equally to low-level psychedelic compounds to stimulate your mind’s potential for progress and alter (use code BEN10 for 10% off).
  • HigherDOSE’s PEMF Mat is an infrared sauna blanket that provides you all the advantages of a sauna session in an reasonably priced, moveable machine. I wish to nap on it, or just zip myself up, loosen up, and reap the advantages like enhanced train restoration, diminished soreness, and higher power (use code BEN for 15% off).
  • The Vielight Neuro is my go-to supply for transcranial-intranasal mind photobiomodulation, or PBM, a scientifically confirmed solution to improve cognitive means and improve cerebral blood stream. It targets the nasal passage (olfactory bulb), which is immediately related to mind areas, together with the prefrontal cortex, accountable for important cognitive processes and storing long-term recollections (use code BG15 for 15% off).

Consider it or not, this text is a brief record of the hacks I take advantage of for mind optimization.

For the total information, try Ben Greenfield’s Mind Enhance Blueprint — an unique useful resource that’s packed to the brim with reductions on all of my favourite biohacks on your mind.

Don’t be concerned — you needn’t obtain it or present an electronic mail handle! Merely click on right here to entry it now.

Ask Ben a Podcast Query

Latest Posts

Stay in touch

To be updated with all the latest news, offers and special announcements.